President Bush Discusses Stem Cell Veto and Executive
June 20, 2007
THE PRESIDENT: Welcome. I'm glad you're here. America is a
nation that leads the world in science and technology. Our innovative spirit is
making possible incredible advances in medicine that could save lives and cure
diseases. America is also a nation founded on the principle that all human life
is sacred -- and our conscience calls us to pursue the possibilities of science
in a manner that respects human dignity and upholds our moral values.
I appreciate the fact that we're joined by a lot of folks who share the deep
desire to advance science, and at the same time, uphold our moral values. I
appreciate the fact that Mike Leavitt is here, Secretary of the Department of
Health and Human Services. I want to thank the members of the United States
Congress and Senate who have joined us. I thank you for taking your time to be
here on this important announcement today.
I'm joined on stage by two good docs, really smart, capable people: Dr. Bill
Hurlbut, Professor of Stanford University Medical Center; Dr. Don Landry,
Professor at Columbia University Department of Medicine -- actually, he's the
Chairman of the Department. The reason they're here is these are brilliant
biologists who are seeking new ways to develop stem cell lines without violating
human life. And these are smart folks, and I cannot thank them enough for coming
to the Oval Office to share with me their wisdom and their vision.
I'm also up here with Carol Franz; she has whipped cancer twice by using adult
stem cells. In other words, adult stem cells have saved her life. She's a
determined woman who believes strongly that there are different alternatives
available to use stem cells other than those which are created as the result of
destruction of human life.
And, finally, I'm up here with the McNamara family -- Kaitlyne is with us -- I'm
going to talk about her in a second.
I do want to thank the other stem cell patients and researchers and advocates
who are here with us today. If you're not in any of those categories you're
welcome, too. (Laughter.)
In 2001, I announced a policy to advance stem cell research in a way that is
ambitious, ethical, and effective. I became the first President to make federal
funds available for embryonic stem cell research -- and my policy did this in
ways that would not encourage the destruction of embryos. Since then, my
administration has made more than $130 million available for research on stem
cell lines derived from embryos that had already been destroyed. We've provided
more than $3 billion for research on all forms of stem cells -- including those
from adult and other non-embryonic sources.
This careful approach is producing results. It has contributed to proven
therapeutic treatments in thousands of patients with many different diseases.
It's opening the prospect of new discoveries that could transform lives.
Congress has sent me a bill that would overturn this policy. If this legislation
became law, it would compel American taxpayers -- for the first time in our
history -- to support the deliberate destruction of human embryos. I made it
clear to Congress and to the American people that I will not allow our nation to
cross this moral line. Last year, Congress passed a similar bill -- I kept my
promise by vetoing it. And today I'm keeping my word again: I am vetoing the
bill that Congress has sent. (Applause.)
Destroying human life in the hopes of saving human life is not ethical -- and it
is not the only option before us. We're already seeing remarkable advances in
the science and therapeutic uses of stem cells drawn from adults and children,
and the blood from umbilical cords -- with no harm to the donor. Researchers
value embryonic stem cells because they are pluripotent -- which means that they
have the potential to develop into nearly all the cell types and tissues in the
body. Researchers are now developing promising new techniques that offer the
potential to produce pluripotent stem cells -- without having to destroy human
For example, several new studies released earlier this month showed the
potential of reprogramming adult cells -- such as skin cells -- to make them
function like embryonic stem cells. It's exciting new research taking place in
the United States of America. Scientists from all over the country hailed this
as an important breakthrough. And I'm pleased to report to you that my
administration and the NIH helped fund this exciting work. The taxpayers'
dollars are going to new kinds of therapies, new kinds of science, new kinds of
work that do not cross a moral and ethical line.
A few months earlier, scientists discovered that cells extracted from amniotic
fluid and placentas could also provide stem cells that seem to do what embryonic
cells can. Still other researchers are investigating how to combine
reprogramming and other innovative techniques to produce stem cells with the
abilities of embryonic stem cells -- without creating or destroying embryos.
There's a lot of interesting work going on that's ethical and moral. Scientists
are exploring ways to collect stem cells in the same manner that doctors now
rescue organs from patients who have died.
With us today are patients who are benefiting from ethical stem cell research --
including Kaitlyne McNamara. Kaitlyne was born with spina bifida, a disease that
damaged her bladder. None of the treatments her doctor tried had worked; she was
in danger of kidney failure. Then her doctors took a piece of her bladder,
isolated the healthy stem cells, and used them to grow a new bladder in a
laboratory -- which they then transplanted into her. And here she stands,
healthy. (Applause.) Scientific advances like this one are important and should
give us hope that there's a better way forward than scientific advances that
require the destruction of a human life.
The researchers pursuing these kinds of ethically responsible advances deserve
our support, and there is legislation in Congress to give them that support.
Recently, the United States Senate passed a bill sponsored by Norm Coleman and
others that would authorize additional federal funding for alternative stem cell
research. The bill was approved with the backing of 70 United States senators.
The House leaders need to pass similar legislation that would authorize
additional funds for ethical stem cell research. That would be an important
advancement. It would be an important statement. Because we can't lose the
opportunity to conduct research that would give hope to those suffering from
terrible diseases -- and help this country move beyond the controversies over
We have a good chance to put aside all the politics and focus on a good piece of
legislation that advances science and doesn't cross an ethical line. Norm, I
want to thank you and Johnny Isakson for sponsoring that piece of legislation.
In the meantime, my administration is taking immediate action to increase our
support for researchers in their vital work. Earlier today, I issued an
executive order to strengthen our nation's commitment to research on pluripotent
stem cells. This order takes a number of important steps. The order directs the
Department of Health and Human Services and the NIH to ensure that any human
pluripotent stem cell lines produced in ways that do not create, destroy, or
harm human embryos will be eligible for federal funding.
The order expands the NIH Embryonic Stem Cell registry to include all types of
ethically produced human pluripotent stem cells. The order renames the registry
-- calls it this, the Pluripotent Stem Cell Registry -- so it reflects what stem
cells can do, instead of where they come from. The order invites scientists to
work with the NIH, so we can add new ethically derived stem cell lines to the
list of those eligible for federal funding. I direct Secretary Leavitt to
conduct an assessment of what resources will be necessary to support this
important new research.
This science which does not cross ethical lines requires money. I believe it is
a good use of taxpayers' money to spend money on this kind of science and
research. And Michael is going to expedite it, that's what that means -- it's a
fancy paragraph for saying he's going to get it done. (Laughter.)
With these steps, we'll encourage scientists to expand the frontiers of stem
cell research. We want to encourage science. We want to say, we stand on your
side in an ethically responsible way. Scientists have recently shown they have
the ingenuity and skill to pursue the potential benefits of pluripotent stem
cell research. Here's two of them right here. That's why they're standing here,
they have showed what's possible. I have confidence in their abilities to
continue to develop new techniques. With our expanded support of non-destructive
research methods, we'll make it more likely that these exciting advances
continue to unfold.
Technical innovation in this difficult area is opening up new possibilities for
progress without conflict or ethical controversy. So I invite policymakers and
scientists to come together to speed our nation toward the destination we all
seek -- where medical problems can be solved without compromising either the
high aims of science or the sanctity of human life.
Thank you all for coming. May God bless. (Applause.)