"Whatsoever You Do..."
Speech of Mother Teresa of Calcutta to the National Prayer Breakfast,
Washington, DC, February 3, 1994
(Click here for Spanish version.)
Listen to the audio of this
On the last day, Jesus will say to those on His right hand,
"Come, enter the Kingdom. For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was
thirsty and you gave me drink, I was sick and you visited me." Then Jesus will
turn to those on His left hand and say, "Depart from me because I was hungry and
you did not feed me, I was thirsty and you did not give me drink, I was sick and
you did not visit me." These will ask Him, "When did we see You hungry, or
thirsty or sick and did not come to Your help?" And Jesus will answer them,
"Whatever you neglected to do unto one of the least of these, you neglected
to do unto me!"
As we have gathered here to pray together, I think it will be beautiful if we
begin with a prayer that expressed very well what Jesus wants us to do for the
least. St. Francis of Assisi understood very well these words of Jesus and His
life is very well expressed by a prayer. And this prayer, which we say every day
after Holy Communion, always surprises me very much, because it is very fitting
for each one of us. And I always wonder whether 800 years ago when St. Francis
lived, they had the same difficulties that we have today. I think that some of
you already have this prayer of peace - so we will pray it together.
Prayer of St. Francis
Lord, make me an instrument of Your peace. where there is hatred let me sow
love, where there is injury let me sow pardon, where there is doubt let me
sow faith, where there is despair let me give hope, where there is darkness
let me give light, Where there is sadness let me give joy. O Divine Master,
grant that I may not try to be comforted but to comfort, not try to be
understood but to understand, not try to be loved but to love. Because it is
in giving that we receive, it is in forgiving that we are forgiven, and it
is in dying that we are born to eternal life.
Let us thank God for the opportunity He has given us today to have come here
to pray together. We have come here especially to pray for peace, joy and love.
We are reminded that Jesus came to bring the good news to the poor. He had told
us what that good news is when He said: "My peace I leave with you, My peace I
give unto you." He came not to give the peace of the world which is only that we
don't bother each other. He came to give the peace of heart which comes from
loving - from doing good to others.
And God loved the world so much that He gave His Son - it was a giving. God
gave His Son to the Virgin Mary, and what did she do with Him? As soon as Jesus
came into Mary's life, immediately she went in haste to give that good news. And
as she came into the house of her cousin, Elizabeth, Scripture tells us that the
unborn child - the child in the womb of Elizabeth - leapt with joy. While still
in the womb of Mary, Jesus brought peace to John the Baptist who leapt for joy
in the womb of Elizabeth.
And as if that were not enough, as if it were not enough that God the Son
should become one of us and bring peace and joy while still in the womb of Mary,
Jesus also died on the Cross to show that greater love. He died for you and for
me, and for that leper and for that man dying of hunger and that naked person
lying in the street, not only of Calcutta, but of Africa, and everywhere. Our
Sisters serve these poor people in 105 countries throughout the world. Jesus
insisted that we love one another as He loves each one of us.
Jesus gave His life to love us and He tells us that we also have to give
whatever it takes to do good to one another. And in the Gospel Jesus says very
clearly: "Love as I have loved you." Jesus died on the Cross because that is
what it took for Him to do good to us - to save us from our selfishness in sin.
He gave up everything to do the Father's will to show us that we too must be
willing to give up everything to do God's will - to love one another as He loves
each of us. If we are not willing to give whatever it takes to do good to one
another, sin is still in us. That is why we too must give to each other until it
It is not enough for us to say: "I love God," but I also have to love my
neighbor. St. John says that you are a liar if you say you love God and you
don't love your neighbor.
How can you love God whom you do not see, if you do not love your neighbor
whom you see, whom you touch, with whom you live?
And so it is very important for us to realize that love, to be true, has to
hurt. I must be willing to give whatever it takes not to harm other people and,
in fact, to do good to them. This requires that I be willing to give until it
hurts. Otherwise, there is no true love in me and I bring injustice, not peace,
to those around me.
It hurt Jesus to love us. We have been created in His image for greater
things, to love and to be loved. We must "put on Christ" as Scripture tells us.
And so, we have been created to love and to be loved, and God has become man to
make it possible for us to love as He loved us. Jesus makes Himself the hungry
one, the naked one, the homeless one, the unwanted one, and He says, "You did it
to Me." On the last day He will say to those on His right, "Whatever you did to
the least of these, you did to Me," and He will also say to those on His left,
"Whatever you neglected to do for the least of these you neglected to do it for
When He was dying on the Cross, Jesus said, "I thirst." Jesus is thirsting
for our love, and this is the thirst of everyone, poor and rich alike. We all
thirst for the love of others, that they go out of their way to avoid harming us
and to do good to us. This is the meaning of true love, to give until it hurts.
I can never forget the experience I had in visiting a home where they kept
all these old parents of sons and daughters who had just put them into an
institution and forgotten them - maybe. I saw that in that home these old people
had everything - good food, comfort- able place, television, everything, but
everyone was looking toward the door. And I did not see a single one with a
smile on the face. I turned to Sister and I asked: "Why do these people who have
every comfort here, why are they all looking toward the door? Why are they not
I am so used to seeing the smiles on our people, even the dying ones smile.
And Sister said: "This is the way it is nearly every day. They are expecting,
they are hoping that a son or daughter will come to visit them. They are hurt
because they are forgotten." And see, this neglect to love brings spiritual
poverty. Maybe in our own family we have somebody who is feeling lonely, who is
feeling sick, who is feeling worried. Are we there? Are we there to be with
them, or do we merely put them in the care of others? Are we willing to give
until it hurts in order to be with our families, or do we put our own interests
first? These are the questions we must ask ourselves, especially as we begin
this year of the family. We must remember that love begins at home and we must
also remember that "the future of humanity passes through the family."
I was surprised in the West to see so many young boys and girls given to
drugs. And I tried to find out why. Why is it like that, when those in the West
have so many more things than those in the East? And the answer was: "Because
there is no one in the family to receive them." Our children depend on us for
everything - their health, their nutrition, their security, their coming to know
and love God. For all of this, they look to us with trust, hope and expectation.
But often father and mother are so busy they have no time for their children, or
perhaps they are not even married or have given up on their marriage. So the
children go to the streets and get involved in drugs or other things. We are
talking of love of the child which is where love and peace must begin. These are
the things that break peace.
But I feel that the greatest destroyer of peace today is abortion, because it
is a war against the child, a direct killing of the innocent child, murder by
the mother herself.
And if we accept that a mother can kill even her own child, how can we tell
other people not to kill one another? How do we persuade a woman not to have an
abortion? As always, we must persuade her with love and we remind ourselves that
love means to be willing to give until it hurts. Jesus gave even His life to
love us. So, the mother who is thinking of abortion, should be helped to love,
that is, to give until it hurts her plans, or her free time, to respect the life
of her child. The father of that child, whoever he is, must also give until it
By abortion, the mother does not learn to love, but kills even her own child
to solve her problems.
And, by abortion, the father is told that he does not have to take any
responsibility at all for the child he has brought into the world. That father
is likely to put other women into the same trouble. So abortion just leads to
Any country that accepts abortion is not teaching its people to love, but to
use any violence to get what they want. This is why the greatest destroyer of
love and peace is abortion.
Many people are very, very concerned with the children of India, with the
children of Africa where quite a few die of hunger, and so on. Many people are
also concerned about all the violence in this great country of the United
States. These concerns are very good. But often these same people are not
concerned with the millions who are being killed by the deliberate decision of
their own mothers. And this is what is the greatest destroyer of peace today -
abortion which brings people to such blindness.
And for this I appeal in India and I appeal everywhere - "Let us bring the
child back." The child is God's gift to the family. Each child is created in the
special image and likeness of God for greater things - to love and to be loved.
In this year of the family we must bring the child back to the center of our
care and concern. This is the only way that our world can survive because our
children are the only hope for the future. As older people are called to God,
only their children can take their places.
But what does God say to us? He says: "Even if a mother could forget her
child, I will not forget you. I have carved you in the palm of my hand." We are
carved in the palm of His hand; that unborn child has been carved in the hand of
God from conception and is called by God to love and to be loved, not only now
in this life, but forever. God can never forget us.
I will tell you something beautiful. We are fighting abortion by adoption -
by care of the mother and adoption for her baby. We have saved thousands of
lives. We have sent word to the clinics, to the hospitals and police stations:
"Please don't destroy the child; we will take the child." So we always have
someone tell the mothers in trouble: "Come, we will take care of you, we will
get a home for your child." And we have a tremendous demand from couples who
cannot have a child - but I never give a child to a couple who have done
something not to have a child. Jesus said. "Anyone who receives a child in my
name, receives me." By adopting a child, these couples receive Jesus but, by
aborting a child, a couple refuses to receive Jesus.
Please don't kill the child. I want the child. Please give me the child. I am
willing to accept any child who would be aborted and to give that child to a
married couple who will love the child and be loved by the child.
From our children's home in Calcutta alone, we have saved over 3000 children
from abortion. These children have brought such love and joy to their adopting
parents and have grown up so full of love and joy.
I know that couples have to plan their family and for that there is natural
The way to plan the family is natural family planning, not contraception.
In destroying the power of giving life, through contraception, a husband or
wife is doing something to self. This turns the attention to self and so it
destroys the gift of love in him or her. In loving, the husband and wife must
turn the attention to each other as happens in natural family planning, and not
to self, as happens in contraception. Once that living love is destroyed by
contraception, abortion follows very easily.
I also know that there are great problems in the world - that many spouses do
not love each other enough to practice natural family planning. We cannot solve
all the problems in the world, but let us never bring in the worst problem of
all, and that is to destroy love. And this is what happens when we tell people
to practice contraception and abortion.
The poor are very great people. They can teach us so many beautiful things.
Once one of them came to thank us for teaching her natural family planning and
said: "You people who have practiced chastity, you are the best people to teach
us natural family planning because it is nothing more than self-control out of
love for each other." And what this poor person said is very true. These poor
people maybe have nothing to eat, maybe they have not a home to live in, but
they can still be great people when they are spiritually rich.
When I pick up a person from the street, hungry, I give him a plate of rice,
a piece of bread. But a person who is shut out, who feels unwanted, unloved,
terrified, the person who has been thrown out of society - that spiritual
poverty is much harder to overcome. And abortion, which often follows from
contraception, brings a people to be spiritually poor, and that is the worst
poverty and the most difficult to overcome.
Those who are materially poor can be very wonderful people. One evening we
went out and we picked up four people from the street. And one of them was in a
most terrible condition. I told the Sisters: "You take care of the other three;
I will take care of the one who looks worse." So I did for her all that my love
can do. I put her in bed, and there was such a beautiful smile on her face.
She took hold of my hand, as she said one word only: "thank you" - and she
I could not help but examine my conscience before her. And I asked: "What
would I say if I were in her place?" And my answer was very simple. I would have
tried to draw a little attention to myself. I would have said: "I am hungry, I
am dying, I am cold, I am in pain," or something. But she gave me much more -
she gave me her grateful love. And she died with a smile on her face. Then there
was the man we picked up from the drain, half eaten by worms and, after we had
brought him to the home, he only said:
"I have lived like an animal in the street, but I am going to die as an
angel, loved and cared for."
Then, after we had removed the worms from his body, all he said, with a big
smile, was: "Sister, I am going home to God" -and he died. It was so wonderful
to see the greatness of that man who could speak like that without blaming
anybody, without comparing anything. Like an angel - this greatness of people
who are spiritually rich even when they are materially poor. We are not social
workers. We may be doing social work in the eyes of some people, but we must be
contemplatives in the heart of the world. For we are touching the body of Christ
and we are always in his presence.
You too must bring that presence of God into your family, for the family that
prays together, stays together.
There is so much hatred, so much misery, and we with our prayer, with our
sacrifice, are beginning at home. Love begins at home, and it is not how much we
do, but how much love we put into what we do.
If we are contemplatives in the heart of the world with all its problems,
these problems can never discourage us. We must always remember what God tells
us in Scripture: "Even if a mother could forget the child in her womb -
something impossible, but even if she could forget - I will never forget you."
And so here I am talking with you. I want you to find the poor here, right in
your own home first. And begin love there. Be that good news to your own people
first. And find out about your next door neighbors. Do you know who they are?
I had the most extraordinary experience of love of neighbor with a Hindu
family. A gentleman came to our house and said: "Mother Teresa, there is a
family who have not eaten for so long. Do something." So I took some rice and
went there immediately. And I saw the children - their eyes shining with hunger.
I don't know if you have ever seen hunger. But I have seen it very often. And
the mother of the family took the rice I gave her and went out. When she came
back, I asked her: "Where did you go? What did you do?" And she gave me a very
simple answer: "They are hungry also." What struck me was that she knew - and
who are they? A Muslim family - and she knew. I didn't bring any more rice that
evening because I wanted them, Hindus and Muslims, to enjoy the joy of sharing.
But there were those children, radiating joy, sharing the joy and peace with
their mother because she had the love to give until it hurts. And you see this
is where love begins - at home in the family.
So, as the example of this family shows, God will never forget us and there
is something you and I can always do. We can keep the joy of loving Jesus in our
hearts, and share that joy with all we come in contact with.
Let us make that one point - that no child will be unwanted, unloved, uncared
for, or killed and thrown away. And give until it hurts - with a smile.
Because I talk so much of giving with a smile, once a professor from the
United States asked me: "Are you married?" And I said: "Yes, and I find it
sometimes very difficult to smile at my spouse, Jesus, because He can be very
demanding - sometimes." This is really something true.
And there is where love comes in - when it is demanding, and yet we can give
it with joy.
One of the most demanding things for me is traveling everywhere - and with
publicity. I have said to Jesus that if I don't go to heaven for anything else,
I will be going to heaven for all the traveling with all the publicity, because
it has purified me and sacrificed me and made me really ready to go to heaven.
If we remember that God loves us, and that we can love others as He loves us,
then America can become a sign of peace for the world.
From here, a sign of care for the weakest of the weak - the unborn child -
must go out to the world. If you become a burning light of justice and peace in
the world, then really you will be true to what the founders of this country
stood for. God bless you!
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